The Government of India introduced the scheme from Rabi 1999-2000 season to protect the farmers against losses suffered by them due to crop failure on account of natural calamities. The scheme is currently implemented by Agriculture Insurance Company of India (AICIL).
The scheme is available to all the farmers, loanee and non- loanee, irrespective of size of their holding. The scheme covers all food crops (cereals, millets and pulses) and oil seeds and Annual commercial/ horticultural crops. At present, 10% subsidy on premium is available to small & marginal farmers. NAIS is presently being implemented in 24 States and 2 Union Territories except in States of Punjab & Arunachal Pradesh.
Nagaland has given consent to implement the scheme and Rajasthan has decided to implement WBCIS in place of NAIS. Since the inception of the scheme and until up to 31.03.11 about 176 million farmers have been insured, covering an area of 269 million hectares for a sum insured value of Rs. 2,21,213 crore, against a premium of Rs. 6589 crore. Claims to the tune of about Rs. 22190 crore have been reported so far benefiting nearly 47.6 million farmers representing a claim ratio of 1:3.37.
Claims are automatically calculated based on shortfall in the current season yield obtained from crop cutting experiments conducted by State Governments under General Crops Estimation Survey (GCES) as compared to threshold yield and settled through the rural banking network. The Company is making efforts to bring the remaining States/ UTs into the fold of NAIS.
For More Details About Insurance Please Visit: http://financialservices.gov.in/insurance/gssois/nais.asp